With the introduction of English Education in India, professional philosophers in India got in touch with European philosophical tradition. This led philosophers in India to understand and interpret many of the European philosophical debates in the light of ideas available in classical Indian philosophy resulting in the emergence of a cosmopolitan philosophy. Attempts have been made to digitize many of the works of these philosophers with the hope that new vistas would be opened up following the line of thinking of this genre of modern Indian philosophers.

Showing 1–30 of 101 results

A Handbook to Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

In this book Rasvihary Das offers a commentary on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Das joggers his explanation on the following parts: 1. Transcendental Aesthetic, 2. Transcendental Logic, 3. Transcendental Dialectic and 4. Transcendental Doctrine of Method.

A New Tri-Lingual Dictionary

The present dictionary, compiled by Govindagopal Mukhopadhyay, cites the Sanskrit terms along with their Bengali and English translations.

A Study of Patañjali

The present book, written by Surendranatah Dasgupta, is a philosophical exposition of the views of Patañjali. There are ten chapters in the book: 1. Introductory: Beginning with Puruṣa and Prakṛti, 2. Puruṣa and Guṇas in Sāṁkhya-Yoga Cosmogony, 3. Cosmic Evolution: An Analysis, 4. Theories of Evolution and God, 5. Ethical Doctrines, 6. Lead to Salvation: Ethical Practices, 7. Yogic Conduct of Life, 8. Analysis of Miscellaneous Doctrines, 9. Sphoṭavāda: Semantic Theory and 10. Recapitulation. In this book, the reader finds a detailed analysis of the entire philosophy of Patañjali.

Advaitavedante Pratikarmavyavastha অদ্বৈতবেদান্তে প্রতিকর্মব্যবস্থা

This book, written by Nirmal Kumar panigrahi, is a detailed analysis of a lesser-known aspect of Advaita Vedānta theory of knowledge. The question that the book deals with is: why does an individual have knowledge of one thing at one point in time and why doesn’t he/she have knowledge of all things all the time? This shows that there is a rule governing individuals having knowledge of things at different times. This is unknown as Pratikarmavyāvasthā. The author discusses the Advaita Vedānta analysis of this and presents the objections advanced by Naiyāyaika and Madhva philosophers. The author also relates this particular epistemological thesis with the metaphysical position of the Advaita Vedānta philosophers.

Alternative Standpoint in Philosophy

This is one of the most seminal works of Kalidas Bhattacharyya. Bhattacharyya speaks of the constant need that philosophers have felt to justify their work and their discipline. Bhattacharyya thinks that the modern defense of Philosophy is only possible through what he calls logic of alternation. Bhattacharyya’s position is that we can provide Philosophy with such a defense only by attempting a novel understanding of the knowledge-object unity. Bhattacharyya claims that this attempt is ingrained in the very being of all the important Indian systems of thought. This book is both a historical and comparative study of the basis of all Philosophy. The book has four chapters. Chapter One is on Knowledge of Object where the close unity of knowledge and its object is emphasized. In this connection, Bhattacharyya discusses subjective and objective attitudes and also the contradiction between subjectivity and object. Chapter Two is on “Types of Philosophy”. In this chapter, Bhattacharyya tries to show that the Unity of Knowledge and Object is Unrejectable and their unity is inevitable. Those who reject the knowledge-object unity do so because they think that such a unity would definitely lead to some kind of contradiction. But Bhattacharyya would like to show that this contradiction too is not rejectable. Actually, the Unity that he speaks of is a Disjunctive Unity. This disjunctive unity actually indicates that we have to stand alternatively on the subjective and the objective attitudes and reach a kind of dialectical unity. He then goes on to speak of the subject-object and the absolute as alternatives. In Chapter Three, “Cognition Feeling and Conation”  Bhattacharyya takes up these three notions which seem to be opposed to each other. The first three chapters are analyses of these notions while the last section sees Cognition, Feeling and Conation as Alternatives. In Chapter Four Bhattacharyya considers “Further Alternatives” such as Jñāna Bhakti and Karma. He speaks of the three kinds of infinity in this chapter. The book ends with the idea of the Ultimate Alternation.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

The present book contains Hume’s Essay along with an introduction by J.N.Mohanty. In his introduction, Mohanty presents his understanding of some of the central ideas that Hume articulates in the Essay.

An Introduction to Indian Philosophy

This book, written jointly by Satischandra Chatterjee and Dhirendramohan Datta, offers an introduction to the three nāstika and six āstika schools of classical Indian Philosophy. The authors present the salient epistemological, logical, metaphysical and ethical views of each of the schools of classical Indian philosophy.

Anthropology and Historiography of Science

Anthropology and Historiography of Science, authored by D.P.Chattopadhyaya, is a philosophical study of the complex relationship of science to culture in general. The major question that the book addresses is: How do different cultures understand and interpret science as part of human activity? The anthropological investigation is an important part of the study. There are six chapters and an epilogue in the book.

Ārya Śāstra Pradīpa (Volume-1) আর্যশাস্ত্রপ্রদীপ (১ম খন্ড)

The present book, written by Sivaramakinkar Yogatrayananda, offers his analysis of some of the key ideas of Indian philosophy in general. The topics that have been covered in the book include 1. The difference between ārya and anārya, 2. The importance of śāstra and its knowledge, 3. The nature of logic and 4. The nature of science and its classifications. The author also talks about the nature of the philosophy of mathematics.

Ārya Śāstra Pradīpa (Volume-2) আর্যশাস্ত্রপ্রদীপ (২য় খন্ড)

In the present book, the author analyzes the concept of science followed by a discussion on the nature and significance of spiritual science. Then the author analyzes the concept of philosophy, and its different kinds. The author ends this book with a discussion of the nature of Veda, its divisions and authority.

Ārya Śāstra Pradīpa (Volume-4) আর্যশাস্ত্রপ্রদীপ (৪র্থ খন্ড)

In this book Sivaramakinkar Yogatrayananda presents his views on 1. Theory of incarnation, 2. Theory of medicine, 3.Theory of upāṣanā, 4. Theory of yoga and its different kinds. This volume gives the reader a holistic knowledge of man as found in ancient Indian wisdom.

Basanta Kumar Mallik: A Garland of Homage from Some who knew him well, with a Biography

This is a collection of articles on the philosophy of Basanta Kumar Mallik. The book is divided into four parts. The first part offers a detailed biography of Mallik while the second part contains two letters addressed to him. The third part contains essays on the different aspects of philosophy of Mallik. In the fourth part, one comes across some personal memoirs of people who came into contact with Mallik.

Bauddha Darśane Pratyakṣa

In this article, Anantakumar Bhattacharya, Nyāyatarkatīrtha, explains the Buddhist definition of perception. In the first half, the definition of perception as put forward by Diṅnāga has been explained. In the second half, The definition of perception as offered by Dharmakīrti has been explained and examined.

Bhārtīya Saṃskṛti o Anekānta Vedānta ভারতীয় সংস্কৃতি ও অনেকান্ত বেদান্ত

In this book Kalidas Bhattacharya, the author, defends what he calls ‘anekānta vedānta’. The author extracts some of the views accepted in general by all the schools of Vedānta. And then it has been shown how the Vedānta philosophy assimilates the apparently contrary views under one truth. And this facet of Vedānta has had a deep influence on the Indian outlook towards life and the world.

Classical Indian Philosophies: Their Synthesis in The Philosophy of Sri Ramakrishna

In this book, Satischandra Chatterjee, presents the salient views of different classical Indian philosophical systems  and shows how these divergent views could be synthesized in the philosophy of Ramakrishna.    The book contains ten chapters: 1. Introduction, 2. The Cārvāka Philosophy, 3. The Bauddha Philosophy, 4. The Jaina Philosophy, 5. The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy, 6. The Sāṃkhya-Yoga Philosophy, 7. The Mīmāṃsā Philosophy, 8. The Vedānta Philosophy, 9. The Synthesis of the Systems and 10. The Philosophy of Ramakrishna. The author argues how on the basis of the idea of adhikāri-veda the divergent views of the different philosophical systems could be synthesised and the author takes cues from the ideas advocated by Sri Ramakrishna in this attempt.

Cultural Otherness and Beyond

Cultural Otherness and Beyond is a collection of essays on philosophy of culture. This volume is edited by Chhanda Gupta and D.P.Chattopadhyaya. There are eleven essays in this volume, all dealing with the very idea of culture and nature of understanding a culture. This brings in the idea of exchange among different cultures where the concept of other plays an important role.

Environment, Evolution & Values (Studies in Man Society and Science)

Environment: Evolution and Values is an attempt, by D.P.Chattopadhyaya, to present a philosophy of man from different perspectives. There are five parts in the book: 1. Human Evolution, 2. Man-Environment Relations, 3. Man-Society Interaction, 4. Dynamics of values and 5. Epilogues.

Facts of Buddhist Thought

The present book comprises three chapters: 1. Pratītyasamutpāda in Buddhist philosophy, 2. The Mādhyamika and the philosophy of language and 3. Idealism and Absolutism - A Buddhist synthesis. In the first chapter A.K.Chatterjee, the author, traces the theory of pratītyasamutpāda from the Abhidharmika stage through Mādhyamika and Yogācāra interpretations. In the second chapter, the author defends the Mādhyamika position in terms of metalanguage and object-language distinction. The third chapter takes up the issue of Yogācāra idealism in terms of sahopalambha-niyama and shows how idealism culminates in Absolutism.

Fundamental Questions of Indian Metaphysics and Logic

Susil Kumar Maitra, in this book, offers an analysis of some of the key metaphysical and logical ideas available in classical Indian philosophy. The book is divided into two parts: I. Metaphysics and II. Logic. Under the part ‘Metaphysics’ the author discusses the Buddhist doctrine of momentariness, Nyāya theories of causality, universal, samavāya, viśeṣa, self etc. The Nyāya proofs for the existence of god and the Sāṃkhya theory of plurality of puruṣa have also been presented. The author incorporates an analysis of Jaina’s theory of saptabhaṅginaya and Saṅkarācārya’s analysis of the idea of falsity. Under the Logic part, the author presents the different theories of perception, inference, śabda, upamāna, arthāpatti and anupalabdhi. The author also includes discussions on Apoha and theories of validity.

Gaṅgeśa’s Theory of Indeterminate Perception (Nirvikalpakavāda) Part- 1

In the part one of this book, Sibajiban Bhattacharyya, presents an introductory analysis of Navya-Nyāya philosophy. The book is divided into five chapters: 1. The Navya-Nyāya Theory of Cognition, 2. Some basic Concepts of Navya-Nyāya, 3. Navya-Nyāya Theory of Inference, 4. Some Terms of the Technical Language of Navya-Nyāya and 5. Some Aspects of Navya-Nyāya Theory of Language.

Gaṅgeśa’s Theory of Indeterminate Perception (Nirvikalpakavāda) Part- 2

The present book is an English translation and explanation of the chapter on Nirvikalpakavāda in Tattacintāmaṇi by Gaṅgeṣa. Each of the parts of the original text has been followed by an explanation. Many objections to Gaṅgeṣa’s theory of indeterminate perception have been explained and responded to by the author.

Gopinath Kaviraj’s Thoughts – Towards a Systematic Study

This book by Kalidas Bhattacharyya  is a collection of Mahamahopadhyay Gopinath Kaviraj Memorial lectures delivered by Kalidas Bhattacharyya in the year 1980. Bhattacharya here explores the works of Gopinath Kaviraj  written in the later years of his life.  Kaviraj was an extraordinary scholar who was well-versed in both the philosophical and religious literature of India as well as the west. Above all, he was a sādhana. He was principally a Śaiva, particularly of the monistic kind, However, as Bhattacharyya claims, this  Śaiva doctrine received certain innovative twists in the hands of  Kaviraj and became a kind of Śaiva Dualism. Kaviraj was equally interested in Tantra, Yoga, Mahāyāna Buddhism, Gauḍiya Vaiṣnavism and also Śankara’s Advaita Vedānta. In this book, Kalidas Bhattacharyya explores the notion of Transcendence and the justification of this notion that we find in the works of Gopinath Kaviraj. He discusses the different regions of Transcendence and finally goes on to discuss the idea of Pūrṇatā or Ultimate Perfection as developed by Kaviraj.

Heteroclitic Fragments and Heretical Comments

This book is a collection of six essays written by A.P.Rao. All the essays offer the author’s own views on some of the issues that have been dealt with in recent Logic and Metaphysics. The book starts with an essay on Leibnitz. The author articulates his own understanding of some of the logical problems attended to by Russell and Wittgenstein. Also, there are discussions on views on ontology expressed by Quine.

Hindu Ṣaḍa Darśan হিন্দু ষড়দর্শন

This book, written by Swami Pratyagātmananda Saraswatī, is an introduction to the major philosophical systems of classical India. In the Introduction, the author offers a conceptual introduction to the nature of Indian philosophy. In the second chapter, the author offers an analysis of the eligibility conditions of the different schools of Indian philosophy. The author devotes separate chapters on Saṇkhya-Yoga, Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika and Mīmāṃsā philosophies.

History of Navya Nyāya in Mithilā

The present book is a detailed history of Navya-Nyāya scholarship in Mithilā, located in the state of Bihar, India. Of the two main centres of Navya-Nyāya, Mithilā is well-known for being the birthplace of Gaṅgeśa, the originator of Navya-Nyāya. The book has six chapters: 1. Udayanācarya: his predecessors and successors, 2. Pre-Gaṅgeśa writers, 3. Gaṅgeśa Upādhyaya and his son Vardhamāna, 4. The age of expansion, 5. The age of four M’s and 6. Modern scholarship. The author presents brief life-sketches and brief descriptions of the works of these philosophers.

History, Society and Polity

In History, Society and Polity, D.P.Chattopadhyaya undertakes a detailed study of the sociological ideas of Sri Aurobindo. The book is divided into eleven chapters. In all these chapters the author presents Sri Aurobindo’s insights on society, state and individual and the nature of their interaction. A comparative study of Marx and Aurobindo has been embarked on by the author in this book.

History, Time and Truth (Essays in Honour of Professor D.P. Chattopadhyaya)

History, Time and Truth is a collection of essays dedicated to the philosophical contribution of D.P.Chattopadhyaya. All the essays in this volume throw light on two major aspects of D.P.Chattopadhyaya’s philosophical interest, viz. the relation between individual and society and the relation between science, history and culture. There are twenty three essays in the present volume.

Immanuel Kant

The present book, authored by Humayun Kabir, is a collection of essays on Kant. These essays articulate some of the central questions that Kant raised and responded to, like the relation between science and philosophy, and the relation between freedom and necessity.

India of the age of the Brāhmaṇas

This book, written by Jogiraj Basu, offers a detailed history of ancient Indian society and culture as found in the Brāhmaṇa texts. The book contains four major parts, each part containing many more chapters. The first part (Book I) contains a discussion on the social and economic aspects of ancient society. The second part (Book II) contains a discussion on the political and military aspects of the ancient society. In the third part (Book III) one finds a description of the religio- philosophical speculations of the ancient society. The last part (Book IV) contains a discussion on the flora and the fauna, the ideas of calendar and astronomy as found in Brahmanic literature.

Indian Inheritance (Volume-I)

Indian Inheritance is a collection of articles highlighting the contribution of classical India in various fields. There are twenty-two articles by eminent scholars. The General Editors of the series under which the present volume has been published are K.M. Munshi and N. Chandrasekhara Aiyer.
With the introduction of English Education in India, professional philosophers in India got in touch with European philosophical tradition. This led philosophers in India to understand and interpret many of the European philosophical debates in the light of ideas available in classical Indian philosophy resulting in the emergence of a cosmopolitan philosophy. Attempts have been made to digitize many of the works of these philosophers with the hope that new vistas would be opened up following the line of thinking of this genre of modern Indian philosophers.